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The construction of the Mary Rose began in 1510 in Portsmouth and she was launched in July 1511.She was then towed to London and fitted with rigging and decking, and supplied with armaments.At the onset of the early modern period, the great European powers were France, the Holy Roman Empire and Spain.All three became involved in the War of the League of Cambrai in 1508.
By 1511 Henry was part of an anti-French alliance that included Ferdinand II of Aragon, Pope Julius II and Holy Roman emperor Maximilian.
While leading the attack on the galleys of a French invasion fleet, she sank in the Solent, the straits north of the Isle of Wight.
The wreck of the Mary Rose was rediscovered in 1971.
The small navy that Henry VIII inherited from his father had only two sizeable ships, the carracks Regent and Sovereign.
Just months after his accession, two large ships were ordered: the Mary Rose and the Peter Pomegranate (later known as the Peter after being rebuilt in 1536) of about 500 and 450 tons respectively.